Scientific Information - Garnet comes in many colors, but red is the most recognized and one of the most common. It can be found in metamorphic rocks as garnet forms in conditions with incredibly high temperature and pressure. This mineral can be found on every continent on the planet.
Discovered by Man - Garnet can be found in jewelry dating back to 3000 B.C. and has been a prevalent gemstone in almost every major civilization. Garnet availability skyrocketed with the discovery of Bohemian garnet deposits in central Europe around the year 1500.
Legend and Lore - Garnet is not only the birthstone for the month of January, but is also the stone that celebrates the second anniversary of marriage. The word garnet comes from the Latin word “garanatus” which means seed like, referring to the similarities between the stone and pomegranate seeds. During medieval times, garnets were thought to cure depression and during the time of Greeks, it was thought garnets would keep you from drowning. Garnets were a symbol of style and wealth in Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Scientific Information - Zircon comes in various different colors and transparencies. Often, Zircon contains bits of radioactive material which causes is to become unstable. The brown and black coloration on the mineral is caused by iron oxide impurities. The most common color of Zircon is dark brown.
Discovered by Man - Zircon is often recognized as the world's oldest gemstone. The mineral is even referenced in the Bible, being worn by the high priests of Israel. Today, Zircon is widely available. The largest deposits of Zircon can be found in Tanzania. There has been 4.4 billion year old deposits of Zircon found in Australia, which means they are from the creation of our planet!
Legend and Lore - Zircon is said to have been used in the hilt of Excalibur for decoration. It is widely believed that owning Zircon makes you less susceptible to lightning strikes. Additionally, it is believed to be a sleep aide, drive away evil spirits, and promote riches, honor, and wisdom.
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